Keeping up with yard work is no easy job. Even the smallest yards take a lot of time, effort and commitment to look good year-round. To keep your Bergen County, NJ lawn green, healthy and well-manicured, it’s best to hire a professional landscape company that provides a variety of lawn services to keep your yard looking its best throughout the year.
Although Northern New Jersey winters can produce freezing temperatures with rain and snow, spring, summer and fall seasons are very nice with comfortable temperatures. These seasons bring a lot of new growth in your landscape which requires regular lawn maintenance to keep things under control.
Take a look at five important lawn services you should consider for your home:
1. Regular Lawn Maintenance
Regular lawn maintenance is essential to a healthy, well-maintained landscape. Without it, your lawn, shrubs and plants can quickly become overgrown and cause your home to look messy and ill-maintained. Most professional landscape companies provide regular lawn maintenance on a weekly basis. Professional trained crews provide weekly maintenance services that typically include:
- Weekly or lawn mowing
- Border edging for sidewalks, walkways and driveways
- Regular weeding
- Hard surface cleaning of pathways, walkways and driveways
- Spring yard cleanup of dead winter growth and debris
- Fall yard cleanup of summer debris and preparation for winter
Many professional landscape companies also provide additional lawn services outside the scope of weekly or basic maintenance. These additional services may include:
- Lawn renovations
- Planting of small plants and foliage
- Pruning of ornamental trees and shrubs
- Irrigation system repairs
- Organic Lawn Care
In addition to basic and additional lawn services for your home, professional lawn care companies typically offer a landscape maintenance program. This program will provide property inspections throughout the year with service reports that inform you of any problems and proper solutions. This is a great way to prevent major landscape problems before they occur and tackle new problems before they get out of hand.
A landscape maintenance program can detect unwanted pests and diseases in your lawn and protect your home from dead or diseased trees and shrubs. Large trees in Northern NJ landscapes can cause a lot of damage to your home, car and even your neighbor’s property if they fall. Removing a dead or diseased tree can be dangerous without proper equipment, so this is not a job you should tackle yourself. A landscape contractor can safely remove damaged trees and shrubs and haul them away from your home.
Your lawn and soil need proper nutrients to stay green and healthy, however most soils are not able to provide proper nutrients to thrive during the growing seasons of spring, summer and fall. A healthy, growing lawn uses a lot of energy to produce new growth. Providing the proper nutrients will promote healthy root systems and new leaf growth. It will also help your lawn to combat environmental stresses like cold, heat, drought, mowing, foot traffic and other outdoor stresses. Your professional lawn services plan should include a regular feeding schedule that will keep your lawn lush and green.
When is The Best Time To Fertilize?
- Early Spring ( February – April): After a long, cold winter, your lawn wakes up in the spring hungry to nutrients that were eliminated during winter. Fertilizing your lawn in early spring strengthens the root system that’s essential to healthy, stable leaf growth during warm weather.
- Late Spring (April – June): During late spring, your grass is using up stored energy to grow, and weeds are actively growing as well. Fertilizing with the right products in late spring provides nutrients for continued lawn growth and essential weed control.
- Summer (June – August): Summer heat, as well as heat, drought, foot traffic and insects put stress on your lawn. It’s especially important to fertilize warm-season grasses in the summer to encourage fall growth. Fertilizers can also offer added protection from summer insects.
- Fall (September – November): Fall brings mild, warm days, cool nights and rainfall with morning dew, ideal growing conditions for your lawn. Fall is an especially important feeding time to strengthen your grass, so it can survive the upcoming winter.
There are a variety of lawn fertilizers on the market, and it’s important to select the right one for your lawn. A professional landscape company can provide quality lawn services that include a property analysis of your lawn to determine soil type, grass type and existing landscape conditions. This analysis is a very important part of selecting proper fertilizers for your lawn.
Mulching is one of the simplest and most beneficial lawn services you can use in your lawn and garden. It’s a protective layer of a material that is spread on top of the soil. You can use organic mulches like bark chips, straw and grass clippings. Mulch provide numerous benefits for your lawn, such as:
- Retain moisture in the soil, reducing the need for frequent watering
- Maintain a more even soil temperature
- Protect soil from erosion
- Reduce soil compaction from heavy rains and foot traffic
- Prevent weed growth
- Provide a “finished” look to your lawn and garden
Organic Mulches: Organic mulches help to improve soil conditions. As they decompose, natural matter is absorbed into the soil. This process keeps the soil loose and aerated, improves root growth and increases moisture in the soil. Organic mulches provide a natural source of nutrients and a perfect environment for beneficial earthworms and other organisms.
Lawn Clippings: Lawn clippings provide a lot of benefits for your lawn. When mulched back into your lawn, they add great nutrients and beneficial organic matter to the soil. Since mulching is best accomplished with a mulching mower that has special blades, a professional landscape company can provide mulching lawn services much easier and faster.
4. Disease and Insect Control
All lawns are subject to disease, especially when they are malnourished and ill-maintained. Most lawn diseases are caused by some type of fungi that invades grass blades, the thatch layer and topsoil. Fungal spores can be spread by wind, rain, insects, contaminated soil and people walking around on the grass when it’s wet. Here are common fungal diseases that will require professional lawn services to get the problems under control.
- Dollar Spot: This fungus resembles silver dollars and thrives on malnourished, dry lawns. Small, white, cobweb-like spots appear in the morning and turn brown later in the day.
- Rust: Rust fungus usually appears on grass blades in late summer. Grass blades turn orange or reddish-brown and as the fungus progresses they turn black. Glass will thin, wither and die.
- Plythium Blight: This fungus invades newly seeded lawns in spring or fall. It causes blackened, water-soaked patches of flattened grass up to 2 feet across. Grass usually dies within 24 hours and new grass does not grow back.
- Fusarium Patch: This fungus appears during late winter and early spring. It causes circular patches of dead grass from 1 to 3 inches across. After winter snow melts, the grass is covered with a white to pink mold.
- Fairy Ring: Fairy Ring fungus, usually seen in spring or fall, causes bright-green circular areas in the lawn. The ring of over-stimulated growth can get up to 50 feet across.
- Mushrooms: Mushrooms are a common fungus growth in rainy weather. They will not harm your lawn and can be easily knocked down with a rake or lawn mower. They can be collected and composted, but never eat them since they can be poisonous.
There’s a variety of insects that cause lawn problems and it may require professional lawn services to help eliminate them. Some common insects found in Northern NJ areas include:
- Army Worms: In the fall, army worms that resemble caterpillars can cause brown spots in your lawn. They usually feed at night and can eat the grass right down to the soil.
- Chinch Bugs: In August and early September, you may see large, circular patches in the sunny areas of your lawn that turn yellow, then brown and then die. These yellowish spots that will spread throughout the lawn are caused by chinch bugs.
- Grubs: In June or early July, grubs can cause brown patches that will become extensive by fall. If your grass looks scorched and sod lifts up easily around patches, you probably have a grub problem.
5. Organic Lawn Care
Organic lawn care and tree care is a great way to provide a safe chemical-free environment for your family and pets. It promotes green living and protects our environment from toxic fumes and harmful chemicals. Organic lawn care promotes natural aeration and root growth in your lawn and plants. It helps to naturally control weeds by improving soil conditions. Custom organic nutrient mixtures promote healthy root systems, increase plant stability and add protection from diseases and insects. Organic lawn care is a good start to a healthy green lifestyle.
Organic Tree and Shrub Care
Your trees and shrubs need care just like your lawn. Organic fertilization will add nutrients to your existing soil to aid in plant growth and healthy root systems. Trees and plants that are healthy with stable root systems grow faster and are less susceptible to insects, fungus and disease. They are stronger and can tolerate environmental stress much better. Organic tree and shrub lawn services should include spring, summer and fall applications for best results.
An organic pest management program will provide regular inspections of your trees and plants to check for insects and diseases and apply appropriate treatments. Site visits will include reports that let you know the condition of your trees and plants and what treatments are done.