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Planting perennials in your New Jersey garden can fill your landscape with beautiful color and interesting texture throughout the year.

Unlike annuals that must be replanted every year, perennial flowers are hardy bloomers that come back year after year, often with minimal care and maintenance.

The lifespan of perennial flowers range from three to 15 years, although some varieties like peonies can bloom for a lifetime.

list of perennial flowersChoosing the Right Perennials Flowers

There’s a wide variety of perennial flowers that grow well in Bergen County, located in USDA Hardiness Zone 6.

Perennial flowers give your landscape a beautiful look with their shape, colors, and textures. Some of these plants grow in mounted clusters while others are often used as groundcovers. Perennials can be also be classified as either sun-loving varieties or shade-loving varieties.

Take a look at a list of perennial flowers that will thrive in your NJ garden.

1. Anemone

Anemones are delicate, colorful flowers with bright green stems that are wonderful in cut flower arrangements, adding a fragrant scent for even more appeal. Anemones are sometimes referred to as windflowers because a field of anemones seems to blow freely in the wind, creating a type of poetic dance. While the flowers of anemones can flatten, they most often produced cupped flowers in pink, purple, rose or white with deeply lobed foliage.

Light: full sun, partial sun

Height: 1 to 3 feet

Spread: 1 to 3 feet

Blooms: spring, summer and fall

2. Aster

Asters are easy to grow and drought-tolerant and are always at the top of the list of perennial flowers for gardens in the New Jersey area. Asters provide striking color in any landscape and because of their height can offer variation in a garden. Some of them grow from 6 to 8 feet tall and bloom with beautiful hues of pink, white, purple and lavender.

Light: full sun

Height: 1 to 8 feet

Spread: 1 to 4 feet

Blooms: spring and fall

list of perennial flowers

3. Astilbe

Astilbe is one of the most graceful perennials with a feathery texture and soft colors in white, red, blue and pink. Often used in Northern New Jersey gardens, Astilbe can tolerate direct sunlight, as long as there are adequate water and rich moist soil. It’s best to grow in shady areas because as summer heat builds, the leaves can easily scorch in the sun.

Light: shade, partial sun

Height: 5 inches to 8 feet

Spread: 18 to 30 inches

Blooms: spring and summer

4. Basket-of-Gold

Basket-of-gold loves to grow in unexpected places mainly at the edge of patio borders, cracks between paving stones, rocky garden areas and the edge of gravel pathways.

This perennial is one of the topchoices for people looking to plant informal perennial flowers in their New Jersey outdoor spaces.

As the name suggests, Basket-of-gold adds a lot of color to your landscape with its vibrant gold flowers. Light: full sun

Height: 6 inches to 3 feet

Spread: 12 to 18 inches

Bloom: spring

5. Bee Balm

Bee balm is one of the most effortless, beautiful perennial flowers that also has an added bonus of attracting bees and butterflies to your garden area. It is a native plant to New Jersey with lovely spider-like flowers in jewel tones of pink, red, purple and white. These bright, eye-catching flowers produce fragrant scents and grow in clumps of dark foliage

Light: sun, partial sun

Height: 1 to 8 feet

Spread: up to 2 feet

Blooms: summer and fall

6. Blanket Flower

Blanket flowers produce both single and double daisy-like blossoms in colors ranging from orange to bright yellow. These are very well suited for a hot, sunny garden. Of particular importance in the New Jersey area, these flowers thrive in gardens because they are deer resistant and tolerate light frost.

Light: full sun

Height: 1 to 3 feet

Spread: 6 inches to 2 feet

Blooms: summer and fall

list of perennial flowers7. Butterfly Weed

Butterfly weed is a plant, which requires minimal care and maintenance and is also native to New Jersey. Brightly colored flowers in white, orange, red and pink attract many types of butterflies and birds.

Butterfly weed is fragrant, drought tolerate and deer resistant.  It tops the list of 20 perennial flowers for your NJ garden.

Light: full sun

Height: 1 to 8 feet

Spread: 2 to 3 feet

Blooms: summer

8. Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemums produce many different shaped blossoms.  Some chrysanthemums look likedaisies while others produce blooms that areflat, fringed, rounded, quill or spoon-shaped. They are a must have for any type of garden. The flowers can be seen in shades of pink, red, white, green, blue and pink.

Chrysanthemums are great in garden areas and containers.

Light: full sun, partial sun

Height: 1 to 3 feet

Spread: 1 to 3 feet

Blooms: summer and fall

9. Coral Bells

The diverse colors and interesting textures of coral bells, makes them a favorite on the list of perennial flowers for NJ gardens.

Coral bells produce spires of dainty, white, pink and green flowers and different colored foliage in silver, purple and burgundy. They grow in low clumps, so they work well as border plants and groundcovers.

Coral bells like rich, humusy soil that retains a lot of moisture.

Light: full sun, partial sun, shade

Height: 1 to 3 feet

Spread: 6 to 30 inches

Blooms: spring, summer and fall

list of perennial flowers10. Daylily

Daylilies are a very common perennial flower and are easy to grow and often seen growing wild in fields and ditches. There are over 50,000 types of hybrid daylilies that produce trumpet-shaped delicate flowers in shades of pink, orange, blue and red. July blooms sprout on tall stalks that make them a beautiful asset to many types of outdoor spaces.

Light: full sun, partial sun

Height: 6 inches to 8 feet

Spread: 1 to 3 feet

Blooms: spring and summer

11. Delphinium

Delphiniums are one of the favorite choices of many gardeners. They produce beautiful blooms in shades of pink, purple, blue and white that tower over course, dark green foliage. They are eye-catching in both formal and informal garden areas.

Delphiniums need to be sheltered from the wind and should receive a good amount of moisture.  They may re-bloom if you cut down the stalks after the flowers wilt.

Light: full sun, partial sun

Height: 1 to 8 feet

Spread: 1 to 3 feet

Blooms: summer

12. Goldenrod

Goldenrod flowers actually do not produce a lot of pollen that aggravates allergies. While pollen does not blow in the wind, it does stick to the legs of insects, but the idea that it increases allergies is a myth. Goldenrod plants are easy to grow, with magnificent sprays of tiny yellow flowers that are a bountiful source of nectar for bees and butterflies.  Check the variety of Goldenrod you plant to ensure it will not spread out of control.

Light: full sun, partial sun, shade

Height: 5 inches to 8 feet

Spread: 8 inches to 3 feet

Blooms: summer and fall

list of perennial flowers13. Hellebore

Hellebores produce saucer-shaped flowers in burgundy, pink, yellow and white. Flowers are often speckled, providing amazing texture and color. These plants are easy to grow and are low maintenance, which makes them a great choice for New Jersey woodland gardens.

Light: full sun, partial sun, shade

Height: 1 to 8 feet

Spread: 1 to 3 feet

Blooms: spring and winter

14. Hibiscus

Hibiscus flowers (also referred to as Rose Mallow) provide gorgeous vibrant colors to New Jersey gardens. Growing hibiscus is an easy way to add a tropical flair to your garden. These flowers need plenty of water, must have good drainage and do best in rich soil and lots of room to spread out.

Light: Full sun

Height: 3 to 20 feet

Spread: 3 to 5 feet

Blooms: summer and fall

15. Lupine

Lupine is also in the list of the top 20 perennial flowers because it creates gorgeous blooms in vivid shades of pink, blue and white. It produces large, pea-like flowers clustered in long spikes on sturdy stems.

The most popular type of Lupine on the list of perennials is Bicolor Russell hybrids.

Lupines prefer cooler temperatures with well-drained slightly acidic soil.

Light: full sun, partial sun

Height: 1 to 3 feet

Spread: 1 to 2 feet

Blooms: summer

list of perennial flowers16. Painted Daisy

Painted daisies can be grown easily in any type of garden area. But they work especially well in rock gardens, woodland gardens, and areas around trees and shrubs. Painted daisy perennials are the perfect height for those hard to fill middle spots in the garden when early spring blooms are dying back.

Painted daisies require little maintenance when they’re planted in the right soil and location.

Light: full sun, partial sun

Height: 6 inches to 3 feet

Spread: 8 to 18 inches

Blooms: summer and fall

17. Peony

Perhaps the best-loved flowers on the list of perennial flowers are peonies.

They produce sumptuous single and double blooms in glorious shades of white, yellow, pink and red and rich foliage is deep shades of green.

Peonies are hardy perennials that grow well in Bergen County weather with little care and maintenance. Peonies have been know to bloom year after year for 50 to 75 years.

Light: full sun, partial sun

Height: 1 to 8 feet

Spread: 2 to 4 feet

Blooms: spring

18. Poppy

If you want brilliant color in your NJ garden, plant poppies. Finer species including Iceland, Alpine, and Atlantic poppies have a special charm with flowers that come in an array of beautiful colors.

Oriental poppies are less refined, but they produce large, exploding flowers in brilliant shades of white, pink, orange, red and purple with black stamens.

Light: full sun

Height: 6 inches to 3 feet

Spread: 4 inches to 3 feet

Blooms: spring and summer

19. Sunflower

There’s no other flower on the list of perennial flowers quite like sunflowers.

They will provide height and brilliant color to any NJ garden. Sunflowers are imposingly tall with large, floppy flowers that get up to 4-inches in diameter.

Bright yellow flowers form loose clusters that thrive in sun and soil that’s less than perfect. Taller flowers may need support in the garden, but they make beautiful cut flowers.

Light: full sun

Height: 3 to 20 feet

Spread: 3 to 4 feet

Blooms: summer and fall

20. Violet

Who doesn’t love violets with soft, velvety petals marked with beautiful shades of yellow and purple?

Violets produce blooms in shades of white, pink, red, orange, blue and purple. You can plant them in borders, garden beds, wildlife gardens, rock gardens, containers and window boxes.

Violets grow well in Bergen County, even in cold New Jersey winters. To prolong blooms, deadhead faded blooms and cut back weak stems.

Light: full sun, partial sun, shade

Height: 5 inches to 12 inches

Spread: 6 inches, depending on variety

Blooms: spring, fall and winter

In addition to the list of perennials shown above, there are many other blooming varieties, as well as exotic grasses and varieties with year-round green foliage.

If you’re interested in planting a perennial NJ garden, contact the garden designers at Borst Landscape & Design.

We can help you plan a beautiful garden that will enhance the beauty of your Bergen County home.